Top Benefits of Reading Books – Why You Should Read Every Day

With the predominance of digital audio and video in our daily lives, we left reading a little aside. However, these media present the facts without giving us a chance to reason. On the other hand, it is often said that reading is a passive activity. Nothing is further from the truth. Reading is a complex activity which consists of a large number of different acts.

We read to find out who we are and to enrich our lives. Reading is an act of connection. We look from where we are to what is around us and to the possible avenues of future. Reading largely forms our understanding of being a part of an existential community where we can share thoughts and emotions. When we read, perhaps, we are not in the same year together, not even in the same room, but we are close. We are having “a meeting of the minds.”

The great books wait for us forever in the back of our memories, ready to give service when needed. If another language is present that means a further enrichment of the reading experience. Literature is a humanizing force that allows us to get in touch not only with our senses and feelings, but also to feel and recognize the thoughts and emotions of other people.

We read from serious books of information, but we can read just for fun too. The latter is one of the most enjoyable means to escape from our ordinary lives. I believe teachers should put more emphasis on reading for enjoyment instead of worksheets and homework. The school curriculum shouldn’t forget that flexibility also to varying the types of materials students read.

There are many benefits of reading. Let’s take a look at what the top benefits are as to why we should read books every day. READING enriches vocabulary, improves memory, facilitates the acquisition of experience, facilitates the learning in general, expands knowledge of the language, improves our writing, awakens intelligence, improves focus and concentration, improves analytical thinking skills, activates the imagination, clarifies ideas, reduces stress, perfects the culture, provides us with solutions to problems already solved by others, puts us in touch with the brightest minds of the present and the past, widens our outlook and gives more opportunities to make a success, help us to understand the inheritance we have, and it helps in the process of building a strong and generous personality.

Marco Antonio Bomfoco is a lifelong language and storytelling enthusiast and a passionate advocate of quality education for all. He lives in southern Brazil. You can reach Marco at http://marcobomfoco.blogspot.com/

Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Marco_A._Bomfoco/37974

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/10314067

5 ways to protect you from heat without Air Conditions

1 . Keep out sunlight  

  • About 76% of the sunlight that falls on standard double-pane windows turns into heat and raises the temperature in your home, according to the Department of Energy (DOE).
  • This is called solar heat gain. During summer, windows facing west and east allow in the most heat, while north and south facing windows only give small solar gains. 
  • Fortunately, there are many ways to reduce the amount of h eat that enters your home from sunlight. Here’s how: 
  • Close the curtains or blinds 
  • This is especially important on windows receiving direct sunlight — though the effectiveness can depend on the type and colour of the material. 
  • Studies demonstrate that medium-coloured draperies with white-plastic backings can reduce heat gains by up to 33%. Lining your curtains with light-coloured fabrics, if they are not already light, will help reflect the sun. 
  • Use shutters, shades, or awnings 
  • Exterior shutters and shades are most effective at reducing solar heat gain, according to the DOE. Shades are typically fabric or vinyl and the material may have openings that allow some visibility through the window. The larger the openings, the less protection from solar gain. 
  • Insulated cellular shades — for a window’s interior — are made of pleated materials that can fold up, like an accordion. They can reduce solar gain by up to 80%. 
  • An awning is a roof-like shelter on a home’s exterior that shades windows from the sun’s heat and glare. Window awnings can reduce solar heat gain in the summer by up to 65% on south-facing windows and 77% on west-facing windows.
  • Apply high-reflectivity window film
  • Window films can be useful if you don’t want to block views since they are semi-transparent, or on windows that are difficult or expensive to fit with other treatments. 
  • They typically have three layers: an adhesive layer that sits against the glass, a polyester film layer, and a scratch-resistant coating. As solar radiation strikes the glass, window film acts as a sunscreen to block harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays as well as reduce the levels of heat and light passing through the glass. 
  • This study showed that most of the relatively low-cost window-tinting films successfully reduced heat transmission by 5 to 10°C. They can be professionally applied or are available for do-it-yourself at home improvement stores. 
  • 2. Utilize fans properly
  • Fans can’t lower the temperature of an entire room — that’s because the electricity driving the fan turns directly into heat. 
  • However, fans can create a wind chill effect, so you feel cooler. Basically, when a fan blows air around, it helps sweat evaporate from your skin, which cools you down. 
  • Ceiling fans are considered the most effective, according to the DOE, because they circulate the air in a room to create a wind-chill effect throughout. But turn them off when you leave the room; remember, ceiling fans cool people, not rooms. 
  • Also, when buying ceiling fans, look for the ENERGY STAR® label since fans that earn that label move air 20% more efficiently, on average, than standard models, according to the DOE. 
  • Window fans, or portable fans, can also work well in many climates, but they are only effective if you use them correctly. To do so, you’ll only want to use them when the air outside is cooler than the air inside, which is usually at nighttime. 

Drink lots of water 

Frequently drinking water is one of the best protective measures against heat-related illness. That’s because your body needs water to effectively deal with hot temperatures.  

When you get too warm, your body starts to sweat. The evaporation of your sweat cools the skin, which helps to cool down your whole body. 

The problem is that excessive sweating can lead to dehydration. And your body can become dehydrated before you notice signs, so it’s important you don’t wait until you feel thirsty to drink. 

How much water you’re supposed to drink a day depends on your weight. You can divide your weight in half to figure this out — if you weigh 150 pounds, you should drink at least 75 fluid ounces every day, which is about 9 eight-oz cups. 

If you are doing any exercise that makes you sweat, you need to drink even more water to replace the lost fluids and stay hydrated. This guide will help you determine if you’re drinking enough water. 

4. Use cold washcloths 

Applying a cold, damp cloth directly to your skin can help lower your temperature. The Mayo Clinic recommends placing it on your pulse points — such as the back of your neck, under your armpits, on your wrists, or groin. 

In these areas, your blood vessels are close to the surface of your skin, meaning the cold will extract more heat from your body and bring your temperature down more quickly. 

Prepare a cold washcloth by:

  • Wetting a towel with cool water
  • Squeezing out excess water, so that the towel is damp
  • Leaving it in the refrigerator — the longer you leave it, the colder it will be

If you use ice packs, make sure to never apply ice directly to the skin, as this can result in a burn. Instead, ensure it is wrapped in a towel or a blanket so there is a barrier between the ice and your skin. And never apply it for long periods — the general rule of thumb is no more than 20 minutes every two to four hours. 

Although it can give temporary relief, taking a cool bath or shower actually increases our core t

emperature. Your skin temperature falls and you’ll feel cooler, but the cold water results in less blood flow to the skin, so you’ll actually keep more heat inside. 

As counterintuitive as it might seem, warm showers — with a water temperature of about 91.4 deg

rees Fahrenheit — can actually keep us cooler by increasing blood flow to the skin, allowing more heat to escape the body. 

5. Eat cool foods and avoid alcohol

Here are five expert-recommended foods and drinks to cool yourself down:

Salads 

Vegetables contain lots of water, which can help keep you cool. Lettuce, for instance, is 95% water and cucumber is 96% water.

In addition, salads require no cooking. Any food that doesn’t require heat to prepare is better — for example, the CDC advises against using your oven to cook, since it can make you and your house even hotter. 

Watermelon 

Not only is watermelon a summer staple for picnics and barbecues, but it’s also 90% water. 

“The pink flesh contains vitamins C and A and the antioxidant lycopene-which helps in protecting you from the sun too,” says Tanya Zuckerbrot, a registered dietitian in New York City. “This is the perfect snack to cool off and replenish electrolytes that are lost as you sweat in the sun.”

Mint

Fresh mint can be grown in the garden and provides an instant cooling sensation. It’s a zero-calorie addition that will freshen any drink or snack.

Hot Peppers

“Ironically, spicy foods are a great way to beat the heat,” Zuckerbrot says. “Eating something that will cause sweating, nature’s way of cooling us down, will allow you to withstand the sun.” 

Sweating can lead to dehydration, though, so make sure to consume substantial water throughout the day.

Non-alcoholic beverages 

“Skip the margaritas and mojitos,” says Karen Ansel, MS, registered dietitian nutritionist and spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. “A summertime cocktail might seem like just the thing for a warm evening, but too much alcohol can cause your body to lose water.” 

If water starts to sound bland, rethink your ice cubes, Ansel says. Adding frozen berries, grapes or melon chunks to sparkling water is a refreshing way to switch things up.

If you’re unable to keep yourself cool with these strategies, you may develop the symptoms of heat exhaustion, which, if left untreated, can turn into heatstroke — a serious medical emergency that can lead to organ damage or death without immediate attention. 

When temperatures are high, such as during a heat wave, you may also want to check in more frequently on young children under the age of four, as well as older people above the age of 65, because they are more susceptible to heat-related illness.

Covid-19 with the bad comes the good

When the ball dropped at midnight to kick off a new year and decade, no one could have anticipated what the year was about to bring. Only three months in, 2020 became all about cancelling trips/major events and social distancing. Navigating this pandemic is new for all of us, including working from home, protecting loved ones, getting supplies and staying connected to friends.

internet has become a scary place. Instagram and Facebook are no longer a friendly escape to see what friends and loved ones are up to the fear of the desperately ill; the loneliness of being unable to visit family members; the existential horror faced by doctors who have spent careers saving lives now planning triage scenarios in which they ration access to ventilators and medicines, limiting visitation rights to hospitals, and in some instances telling pregnant women they will have to give birth without loved ones present

but now often filled with alarming posts regarding the pandemic. It’s overwhelming for all of us…and the world at large is going through it together.

But with the bad comes the good. If we filter through the negative news, we all  read about the everyday heroes, nurses and doctors and volunteers, continuing to staff food banks, community members checking in on elderly neighbors, inventors working out new ways to mass-produce medical equipment many others. Here are some stories that will inspire you and lift your spirits ……………..

At Morristown Memorial Hospital, (in US) medical professionals were surprised with messages of encouragement and kind messages on the pavement of the medical center’s entrance doors. One message (written colorfully in chalk) read, “If you are just arriving thank you for what you are about to do!”

This neighborhood in Severna Park, Maryland is feeling a strong sense of community from a mystery mom who leaves bagged lunches outside a busy roundabout. With a sign that reads, “For anyone who needs it: I will be leaving some healthy sack lunches on this table for you if you are hungry and need to eat. Made with love by a neighborhood mom in a clean and sanitized kitchen. I will leave this table up from 11AM-1:30PM.” Her actions are a reminder that no matter who you are, you can make someone’s day a little brighter.

An elderly Italian priest with Covid-19 gave up access to a ventilator so that a younger patient might live; the priest died shortly afterward. Positivity can be contagious, no matter who you are and how big or small an idea — pursue it and pass on the good.

1. For years, health experts have been recommending regular handwashing to keep diseases at bay. Not everyone heeded to their advice. In fact, 69 per cent of men don’t wash their hands after using the bathroom, according to a study. But with coronavirus gaining traction all that has changed and millions are practicing good personal hygiene.
 
2. The worldwide disinfection and sanitization drive have caused a big blow to one of our deadliest enemies — the many resistant germs and pathogens responsible for infectious diseases like pneumonia, meningitis, common flu, norovirus and HIV to name a few.
 
3. Family time – a scare and hard-earned thing until recently — is suddenly in abundance in the era of Stay Home. For the first time since the early 19th century, parents and kids – in some cases even grandchildren – are under the same roof all day.
 
4. Road accidents account for 3,424 deaths daily or two deaths per minute globally but coronavirus stay-at-home orders have led to a heartening reduction in these numbers. 
 
5. The pandemic has contributed to a noticeable drop in pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. With streets emptied of people and vehicles, factories shut and flights grounded, the environment is breathing easier. Skyscrapers shrouded in smog are now visible and waters in Venice’s canals run clearer than ever.

6. Homes ar ound the world have become clutter-free with people getting rid of unwanted stuff. Recently, Fay Wolf, author of New Order: A Decluttering Handbook for Creative Folks (and Everyone Else) even hosted a decluttering webinar for people sequestered at home.

7. Book sales appeared to face a bleak future but now their sales have hit new highs as readers seek escapism and education. 

8. The pandemic has exposed the inadequacies of healthcare system throughout the world and provided an opportunity to improve them. More and more countries are now realizing that only a sustained and increased investment in health-related research will win the war on coronavirus and provide health and safety to its citizens.

9. The new work from home culture has dismantled the nine-to-six lifestyle allowing us to stay focused on the job and mentally healthy while working from home.

10. The overabundance of newfound free time has encouraged people confined in homes to revisit childhood hobbies or pick new ones to get a respite from the grim situation.

Neduntheevu (Delft Island) the island of sri lanka

“Wild horses on Delft island, Neduntivu, Jaffna, Sri Lanka. The horses originate from stock left by the Portuguese circa 15th Century.”

Neduntheevu or Neduntivu (Tamil: நெடுந்தீவு, Sinhala: ඩෙල්ෆ්ට්) (also known by its Dutch name Delft) is an island in the Palk Strait, northern Sri Lanka. This island is named as Delft in the Admiralty Chart unlike the other islands, whose names are Tamil. The island’s area is 50 km² and it is roughly oval-shaped. Its length is 8 km and its maximum width about 6 km.

baobab-tree-believed-to-be-around-years-old-delft-island-jaffna-region-northern-sri-lanka-lankan-man-stands-front-79199662

The island was named after the Dutch city of Delft by Rijckloff van Goens. He named the eight most important islands after Dutch cities.

Neduntivu is a flat island surrounded by shallow waters and beaches of coral chunks and sand. It is home to a small population of Tamil people, mostly living in quiet compounds close to the northern coast. The vegetation is of a semi-arid tropical type, with palmyra palms, dry shrubs and grasses that grow on the pale Grey porous coralline soil. Papayas and bananas grow close to the local people’s homes. In the western coast of the island there are remains of a 1000-year-old temple built by the Chola Dynasty,as well as the ruins of a Dutch colonial fort. The water is slightly brackish, and it is taken from shallow wells using buckets made from palmyra palm leaves. There are feral ponies on the island, descendants of forebears abandoned there in the Dutch period.

remains-old-portuguese-fort-walls-seashore-delft-island-jaffna-sri-lanka-delft-sri-lanka-february-broken-down-walls-12765518
giant-one-metre-long-foot-print-delft-island-sri-lanka-which-locals-believe-imprint-hindu-god-hunomans-right-79897528
Coral stone walls are plentiful across the island of Delft. Delft island, Neduntivu, Jaffna, Sri Lanka

Your car reach to Delft From Kayts, the next island – connected by causeway to Kayts, is Punkudutivu,  Delft is over an hours ride away, 

Delft is an altogether more barren and remote feeling island of Jaffna Sri Lanka, with an eclectic array of local sites and curiosities: the enormous baobab tree, the large coral Dutch fort, the coral walls protecting the villagers smallholdings and houses, The Quindah Tower, the wild ponies and some excellent palmyrah toddy (gently fermented traditional (mildly) alcoholic drink). There are almost no vehicles and the real joy of Delft is the other-worldly feel and the barren remoteness of the landscape. A trip to Jaffna Sri Lanka is for those who really want to get off the beaten track

A Guide To Investing In Property In Sri Lanka

One of the most common ways to become rich in Sri Lanka is to invest in real estate if it is done, as it should be. Investing in real estate is both high-risk as well as highly rewarding if the art of the deal can be mastered properly. Therefore, if you are also someone who is thinking about investing in the country’s property market, yet, is not confident that you have the required knowledge, then read below for a brief guide on what to expect, when investing in real estate.

  • What is considered as real estate investment?

Real estate investing can typically be defined as the buying, selling, leasing or managing of properties, with the purpose of attaining a profit in the long term.

Photo by Matthijs Idema on Unsplash
  • Frequent methods of real estate investment

Some of the most common methods traditionally seen in real estate investment are mentioned below.

  1. Offering rental properties

The basic notion of a rental property is to generate a profit through the cash flow that is received as the rent, as well as through the appreciation of that property, which helps to increase the rent value through time.

  1. Buying and selling properties

The fundamental concept behind buying and selling of properties is that you as a developer will acquire a property, improve its condition to increase its monetary value and will sell it to a buyer while keeping a healthy profit margin.

  1. Wholesale of properties

Experienced real estate investors conduct the wholesale of properties where they act as an intermediary, acquiring a property under a contract and immediately selling it to another buyer. They use the money to pay the initial seller while keeping a profit in the process.

  • Common property types in real estate investment

The main property categories and some of their subcategories are mentioned below.

  1. Residential houses: These include single-family houses, multi-family houses, villa/bungalows and annexes.
  2. Apartment properties: Includes apartments, condominiums, penthouses and studio properties.
  3. Commercial properties: These include commercial buildings, office spaces, retail spaces, showrooms, industrial/warehouses and hotel/leisure properties.
  4. Land properties: Includes lot/land, land with building(s) and agricultural land.
  • Why location is important in real estate

One of the fundamental factors that affect the value of a property is its location. Usually, properties located in or near an urban area has a much higher value compared to properties located in a rural district.

  • The condition of the property affects its overall value

Without a doubt, the condition of a property affects its monetary value. For an investor, obtaining a property in a rent ready condition is the obvious choice. Buying a fixer-upper can be cheap. However, preparing it in a presentable condition can cost time and money.

  • How much capital is needed to invest in real estate?

The overall capital required for real estate investment depends on a few factors. These include the nature of the investment, the location of your investment as well as the specifications of the credits you have acquired for the investment.

  • How to obtain money to invest in properties

The most popular method to acquire money for real estate investment is to obtain real estate loans through specialized financial institutes. The investor, however, will have to meet the terms and conditions specified by these institutions to qualify for such loans.

  • The importance of negotiation in real estate

Any new venture capitalist who is thinking about investing in real estate in the long term should have excellent negotiation skills. For example, when looking to buy a new property, the investor should ask numerous questions about the property and opt to offer a lower starting price to strike a better deal.

  • How to protect yourself when investing in real estate

Real estate investors should be prepared for any pitfalls, as the monetary cost of such a scenario can be extremely high. Typically, the most common way to protect your assets is to safeguard them using a real estate insurance cover, which can help you to recover the value of your investment if things don’t go as planned.

List of things to not do immediately after the lockdown ends

Most of you might be vehemently waiting for the lockdown to come to an end. You might be planning to meet your friends, going out for shopping or just paying a visit to the nearby salon. Well, it is better to continue taking the necessary precautions as life won’t suddenly return back to normal once the lockdown ends. You would still need to be careful and take care of your health, as the risk of contracting COVID-19 infection would be still there.

Here are a few things you should not do immediately after the lockdown ends:

Don’t suddenly plan a vacation

t was only the movement of people from one country to another which led to such a worldwide spread of the disease. Even if the lockdown rules are relaxed, try not to plan a family vacation for a few months. It is better to stay at home and be safe, rather than vacationing and risking your health.

Don’t stop washing hands

One good habit which the spread of COVID-19 inculcated in people is the punctual washing of hands. Practicing hand hygiene can not only prevent coronavirus but can also keep several other diseases at bay. Even if the spread of coronavirus comes to an end, don’t stop this good habit of regularly washing your hands as it will keep you healthy and fit for long.

Don’t party in clubs or bars

It is natural that you might be dying to meet your friends and just go out and chill at some café or party at a club. Well, for all the party the party freaks out there, visiting crowded places like cafes and clubs could be an open invitation to the infection. Several cases of asymptomatic COVID-19 positive patients have increased the risk of spread of the disease. Thus, it is better to stay put for a while and avoid meeting your friends for at least some more time.

Don’t throw away face masks

As the saying goes ‘Precaution is better than cure’, it is the best option to still use your masks while in public. There is absolutely no harm in using your extra masks or homemade face masks while going to a crowded place or shopping. Continue using face masks, washing your hands and practicing social distancing at least for a while in order to prevent yourself from getting sick.

Maintain respiratory hygiene in public places

It is always a bad habit to cough or sneeze openly in public. Droplets through coughing and sneezing is what had led to such a spike in the number of COVID-19 cases worldwide. Thus, it is recommended to maintain your respiratory hygiene while in public. Cover your mouth with a tissue or cough and sneeze in your folded arm.

Don’t throw a big home party

With large number of asymptomatic COVID-19 cases coming up, you might never know is infected and who is not. Even if the lockdown ends, it is better to continue practicing social distancing. Avoid throwing big parties, assembling for family functions or having big dinners together. Protect yourself and your family by avoiding social gatherings as much as possible.

Ravana’s Cave Ella – The Place to visit in Sri Lanka

The Ravana Cave is located about 2 km from the Ella town and 11 km (7 mi) away from Bandarawela. It is quite a small cave, measuring about 50ft wide, 150ft long and 60ft high.

A short 10-minute drive down the mountainside from the main street in Ella is where you will find Ravana Falls. The cheapest option is to jump on a local bus from the Ella bus stop, which will cost you max 50 Rupees. The other option is to jump in the back of a tuk-tuk and the price will be anywhere between 300-500 Rupees.

History says that the cave is used by King Rawana to hide the Princess Sita. The cave lies on the foundation of a cliff, and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Sri Lanka with a historical value

Sangilean Thoopu – The place to Visit in Sri Lanka

King Sangili II
Sangiliyan Thoppu

Among the important places to visit in Jaffna, this is definitely one. If you want to get the essence of the history of Jaffna then the existence of this Royal Palace can never be ignored. In the Nallur District, you can still get the view of the antique bathing pool and the remnant of the royal palace. You can definitely include this place among the top places to visit in Jaffna. This place holds the memory of the last Tamil King who ruled the Yarlpana Kingdom successfully. After visiting the Nallur Temple you can reach this place directly. From Jaffna town, you will get lots of private as well as public transport to reach this place.

Jaffna palace

The Jaffna Palace was significantly damaged during the Portuguese conquest of the Jaffna Kingdom. The fall of Cankili II, the last of the ruling dynasty at the hands of a 5000 men-strong Portuguese invaders inevitably meant the fall of the Jaffna Throne. Yamuna Eri, Cankili Thoppu archway, Ruins of foundation of the Cankilian Thoppu and Mantri Manai are few of the only remaining parts of the palace apart from several small monuments that dot the compound

Kayts the Island of Sri Lanka

Velanai Island, also known as Leiden in Dutch, is a small island off the coast of Jaffna Peninsula in the North of Sri Lanka. There are number of villages within the island such as Allaipiddy, Mankumpan, Velanai, Saravanai, Puliyankoodal, Suruvil, Naranthanai and Karampon.

The Kayts Causeway is a road that brings you from Jaffna Fort across the water to the island town of Kayts. It’s a scenic drive through the lagoons with fishermen, birds and farmers. Traces of the civil war are still evident in Kayts, where there are a number of beautiful but dilapidated houses that were abandoned by their owners.

The causeway is just right above sea level Araly which is even more impressive. Flocks of seabirds follow you, the sound of the waves lingered in your ears and the moist ocean breeze refreshed you.
Once you there, you loved it. It’s a different world than anywhere else in Sri Lanka. across the islands, the breathtaking nature, passing lovely lagoons full of colourful birds and endless lonely beaches it felt like you traveled back in time. Experience sri lankan countryside as it was 20 years ago: no tourists, just a few lovely little country towns where locals are smiling and waving while you’re passing through.

On the road you can stop to see views of the well-preserved Dutch fort on Fort Hammenhiel Island, a 19th Century church and Kayts’ own Portuguese fort

Kotmale of Sri Lanka Holidays

Kotmale in the Development in Sri Lanka

Kotmale oya river with its origin in the Central Highlands of Sri Lanka at an elevation of 2134 m (7000 ft.) running between the two hills of Tispane and Kadadora resulted in the valley having a fertile soil, the ideal good earth for cultivation. During the glorious days of ancient kings of Lanka too, the valley had been of immense vibrancy: paddy cultivation took root in clusters of villages amidst the industries of pottery and carpentry. It was home to goldsmiths as well as blacksmiths. Pidurutalagala Oya stream, Nanu oya river, Greogory’s tank rush in their waters to the Kotmale Oya river. So are Devon falls, St Clair’s falls, Puna falls and Cat Snake Garadi falls. Since the glorious days of ancient Sri Lanka to the years of modern accelerated Mahaweli multi-purpose irrigation project, an enormous volume of water rushed in resulting in floods sinking clusters of hamlets and villages of the Central Highlands of Sri Lanka. The high watermark of floods are noted even today in the railway station of Gampola close to Kandy, the gateway to Central Highlands of Sri Lanka.

Although the necessity of a dam was observed in 1950, a couple of years following the independence from the colonial British rulers, it was only in 1961 the preliminary studies of the Kotmale project were carried out by the Government of Sri Lanka in partnership with US Agency for International Development (USAID) and then again by UNDP-FAO from 1964 to 1968. During the period between 1973 and 1976, a feasibility study was carried out by the water and Power Development Consultancy Services (India) Limited (WAPCOS). In 1979, Sir William Halcrow and Partners in association with Messrs Kennedy & Donkin and the Central Engineering Consultancy Bureau (CECB)of Sri Lanka were appointed to provide consultancy services: construction work commenced in February 1979; reservoir was impounded in November 1984; commercial power generation commenced in June 1985; ceremonially commissioned in August 1985.

Kotmale Dam, reservoir and power station

The dam with a Crest Length of 520 m and Height of 122 m created Kotmale reservoir, which at its full capacity regulates 174 million cubic meters of waters of the Kotamale Oya River. The water thus impounded is utilized first for the hydro electric power generation. The contribution to the national power grid of Sri Lanka by hydro electricity at Kotmale amounts to no less than 206 megawatts. Then the water is discharged to join the confluence of Mahaweli ganga river and the Atabaghe Oya river.

But then all the good things come at a price. Sri Lanka paid a heavy price for Kotmale dam, reservoir, tunnel and underground hydro electricity power station. Kotmale project is one of the five head works projects of the mega project of Mahaweli River Diversification, the largest (modern or ancient) irrigation scheme ever in the island.
57 villages were lost. 54 ancient and medieval Buddhist temples were sunk together with 57 villages on both banks of Kotmale Oya river hugging Tispane hill and Kadadola hill. It was thousands of times worse than floods. I was ironic. Everything in the valley was lost for the rest of the time, even the floods. There won’t be floods any more, but then there aren’t any more villages either. It was analogous to throwing the baby with the bath water. But then Sri Lanka wanted the accelerated Mahaweli multi-purpose irrigation project. How do you make an omelet without breaking the egg?

The destiny of Kotmale was foretold

Today Kotmale dam and Kotmale reservoir aren’t merely monuments of modern engineering nor are they merely modern edifices of an ancient island rooted in agriculture: they are testimony to the inevitable course of destiny too. During the medieval times a Nostrdamusque astrologer mathematician by the name Kotmale Ganitaya (the mathematician of Kotmale) had predicted that one day in the future Kadadora hill and Thispane hill would meet. Kotmale dam and the Kotmale reservoir made it that the two hills aren’t apart from each other any longer: today they are conjoined with the concrete of the dam and waters of the reservoir.

Mahaweli Maha Seya Modern Stupa

In an attempt to compensate the 54 temples inundated, in the ancient tradition of Sri Lanka, the Stupa Land of the Buddhist World, a towering stupa rising to a height of 274 ft with a diameter of 200 ft (61 meters) was built by the state at the right bank above the Kotmale dam at an elevation of 950 m (4150 ft.) above sea level.

Kotmale in History of Sri Lanka

Kotmale of Sri Lanka Holidays has been a much adored village among the Sinhalese: the name of the legendary village of the Central Highlands of Sri Lanka itself brings about smiling faces and a loving hearts. The history has set Kotamale an unparalleled significance: it was the village where Prince Dutugamunu who hailed from the ancient Southern kingdom Ruhuna found sanctuary. The prince had sent a couple of bangles to his father, who wouldn’t grant permission to wage war against the Tamil Invader Elara at Anuradapura. If you are a man, you have to fight your battles to the death; since you aren’t ready for the battle, you may as well wear these bangles, the beloved ornaments of ladies.

The prince lived in disguise known by a befitting name: Gupta. It meant mystery in Sinhalese in the ancient times as it does today. The mystery was revealed by Kandula, the Royal elephant who was combing the land in search of crown prince following the death of the king. The caparisoned royal elephant escorted by the royal body guards carrying the standard Sri Lanka knelt in front of Gupta farming in the paddy field, sinking the farmers in mortal fear: the farm hand they loved yet taunted was the crown prince. By destiny, the one who treated the farm boy with selfless kindness happened to be Ran Ethana, the prettiest damsel of the village, the younger daughter of the man of the house which gave him shelter. The prince extended his hand. The hand of god made her the queen of the island.

The lion-hearted prince from Ruhuna went to battle with a great army of warriors and elephants lead by ten samsonesque commanders named Nandimithra, Suranimala, Velusumana, Gotabhaya, Pussadeva, Mahasona, Theraputtabhaya,Kanchadeva, Lahhiyawasaba and Bharana laid siege, battled and ran over Dravidian bastion by bastion all the way from Ruhuna to Anuradhapura, defeated the formidable army of the Dravidian invader and rescued the Sinhalese nation and Buddhism.

King Dutugamunu (161-137 BC) is historically and traditionally honored with the supreme title of “The Hero of Sri Lanka”. On 19th of May 2009, with the complete elimination of terrorism which wreaked havoc in the northern and Eastern provinces of Sri Lanka for 30 years, the elected popular President Don Percy Mahendra Rajapakse also from Ruhuna was tilted “The Hero of Modern Sri Lanka.” Today Sri Lanka’s development is on high gear; the tourism business with Sri Lanka Holidays is in overdrive.

Sri Lanka Holidays, such a lovely name, such a lovely place.
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Sri Lanka Holidays, the touring Holidays of Sri Lanka suits everybody no matter the variations of interests and activities, provided snow capped mountains aren’t expected in the tropical island. The diversity and beauty of the island is such, as film director Carol Reed put it, whole of Sri Lanka is a film set. Then is the surprise, especially for the high quality tourists, the well educated and well heeled: the island brings in the vibrant heritage of a great civilization that saw 500 scholars inscribe the epitome of Theravada Buddhism,Tipitaka at Aluvihare while the hoards of painted barbarians were still at war with the legions in the beaches of Wilmer.

As Arthur C. Clarke put it, though some destinations could be compared with the natural beauty of Sri Lanka, none of those are endowed with the living testimony to such an unbroken civilization as of the island nation. The Stupa Land of the Buddhist World is home to hundreds of colossal ancient stupas and temples. Sri Lanka’s water world, the ancient irrigation networks of thousands of reservoirs extend the life line to a population of 19 million to date.

Marlon Brando doesn’t need Oscars. And for that matter, Brando doesn’t need any awards at all, for the simple reason he is Brando. The name Marlon Brando itself is the ultimate award. And he has earned his name. It is the Oscars that would have to compete for Marlon Brando award, and then again Brando dismisses himself saying he is no artist but Picasso is. Sri Lanka Holidays don’t need awards either. The joy of the tourists holidaying in the ancient island is the ultimate award to Sri Lanka Holidays.

Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Bun_Peiris/194494